Skin is the one of the sense organ of our body and it is the largest organ of our body. It is the outer covering of the body so every people wants the healthy skin. In today’s time, various skin problems are quite common to happen. Among them are melasma, hyperpigmentation, chloasma, etc.
Melasma is a skin condition in which skin gets the rashes, tanning or dark staining. Melasma is a chronic form of skin disorder in which the brownish or grey-brown colour pigmentation starts to appear on the skin as a result of the excess production of the melanin. Melanin is a natural component that is responsible to provide the colour to our hairs, skin, eyes, etc. Generally it is seen on face otherwise it can appear on forearms and neck too. Facial pigmentation is also termed as chloasma, etc.
The causes of melasma
The occurrence of the melasma is a complex process. The pigmentation of the skin is due to the overproduction of the melanin from the melanocytes (pigment cells) which is further picked up by the keratinocytes and gets deposited to in the dermis portion of the skin. There is also an inherited tendency to melasma that compromises almost one-third of patients who are reported with other family members to be affected. It may be possible that for most of the people melasma is a chronic disorder.
Known triggers for melasma include:
- Sun exposure— prolong exposure to sun can cause sun damage and ultimately lead to melasma. This is the most significant preventable risk factor
- Pregnancy— after the delivery it is common that women get brownish patches on face and skin. After the delivery the pigment tends to diminishes for few months.
- Hormone treatments— in case the woman is under the medication of the oral contraceptive pills that contains oestrogen and/or progesterone or under any hormonal therapy like hormone replacement, IUDs and implants can affect the woman.
- Certain medications— certain anti-cancer therapy, scented or deodorant soaps, skincare product and cosmetics—these may cause a phototoxic response that prompts melasma, which may then continue for long term.
- Hypothyroidism— low amount of circulating thyroid hormone
Melacare cream is a topical cream which is meant to treat the bad skin conditions like acne, hyperpigmentation, etc. This cream is composed of three active ingredients hydroquinone, tretinoin and mometasone. It is mainly useful to heal itchiness, inflammation and puffiness caused by dermatitis and as well other for various skin conditions.
- Hydroquinone: One of the active components is hydroquinone. It’s a bleaching agent. Its aim of this component is to improve dark spots of skin via preventing the procedure in the skin those consequences in discoloration. This component is supposed to inhibit the melanin production. It has potent antioxidant abilities. Topical hydroquinone also comes in 2% and 4% concentrations alone or in combination with tretinoin 0.05% to 0.1%. Hydroquinone and tretinoin, both the chemicals together works to prevent sun- or hormone-induced melasma.
- Tretinoin: The second active component is tretinoin. It is generally retinoid and it is an acid form of vitamin A. This complex helps to lessen the occurrence of fine wrinkles, additionally is also intermittently used to manage acne. It is a first generation topical formulation in which retinoid is commonly used to treat acne vulgaris. While using the tretinoin have to avoid the direct exposure to sunlight, as the skin can get tan. Using tretinoin makes the skin more sensitive to UVA and UVB rays.
- Mometasone: The third active ingredient is mometasone (a corticosteroid) which diminishes the inflammation and swelling. This cream has the properties of anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, and blood vessel constriction properties. This is known to inhibit the production of the prostaglandin and leukotrienes from their common precursor arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.
You can buy Melacare cram to improve the condition of the skin and to get the glow.